Case Studies of Virtual School and Colleges

This list links to the research wiki where you can find each of the eleven case studies of virtual schools and one of a virtual college. The first eight are virtual schools within the European Union:

  • Bednet (Belgium) – a schooling provider for ill children;
  • Ensino a Distância para a Itinerância (Portugal), formerly Escola Móvel, a distance learning project of the Portuguese Ministry of Education & Science aimed at ensuring regular schooling of travelling children whose families work in circuses and fairs;
  • InterHigh (Wales) – a general junior secondary school (up to GCSE), now extended with A level courses and specific provision for disadvantaged learners;
  • iScoil (Ireland) – run by the Presentation Sisters, which grew from the UK online learning model;
  • Nettilukio – a division of Otava Folk High School (Finland), an upper secondary school;
  • Rīgas Tālmācības Vidusskola (Latvia) – a general secondary school, which has now started to offer primary education as well;
  • Sofia Distans (Sweden) – a junior secondary school with a focus on expatriate children and the disadvantaged;
  • Wereldschool (Netherlands) – founded in 1948 initially to provide education for the children of Dutch nationals living in Indonesia, now split into two separate sister-schools:  Wereldschool for children overseas and [email protected] for children in the Netherlands who are not considered well-suited to the traditional Dutch education system.

Outside Europe, four mini-case studies from outside Europe are included for contrast:

  • Credenda (Canada)
  • Open High School, Sydney (Australia)
  • Brisbane School of Distance Education (Australia)
  • Open Polytechnic (New Zealand) – a virtual college.


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