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VISCED literature search grows - 173 entries and climbing

In order to begin planning for some of the WP3 and WP4 tasks - in particular to get a global overview of the "virtual school" phenomenon, especially its research and taxonomy aspects, I have done a "dawn raid" on the Mendeley database for literature on virtual schools and colleges. Completely unlike our recent experience at Sero with literature on OER, where there is plenty of literature but little of it on Mendeley (till we started), I discovered lots of material - 155 items to be precise.  Now there are 173 items in this group -

These have been a little tidied up, with obvious duplicates removed, and some simple tagging has been done - usually just of the country/region if it is not the US but sometimes a bit more - like "Evaluation" or "Bibliography".

Also I have flagged about 50 with the "Favourite" button - a yellow star. These are the ones which  - in my opinion only - are likely to be of most interest to one or other of the partners.

See what you think - and let me know - on Mendeley. It's easy for anyone Follow the group, but I suggest that VISCED team members get some practice first before they ask me to make them a Member of the group as there is quite a lot to learn about the system. Why not set up your own partner group and when confident you can copy the references across?


Here are a few references to check out:

Barbour, M.K. & Reeves, T., 2009. The reality of virtual schools: A review of the literature. Computers & Education, 52(2), pp.402-416. Available at:

Ferdig, R.E. et al., 2009. Virtual Schooling Standards and Best Practices for Teacher Education. Journal of Technology and Teacher Education, 17(4), pp.479-503. Available at:

Lake, D., 2008. Science education: innovation in rural and remote Queensland schools. Educational Research for Policy and Practice. Available at: [Accessed May 4, 2011].

Muller, E., 2010. Virtual k-12 public school programs and students with disabilities: issues and recommendations. Policy, p.39.

Russell, G., 2006. Online and virtual schooling in Europe. European Journal of open and distance and elearning. Available at:

Wilkie, K. & Jones, A., Link and learn: Students connecting to their schools and studies using ICT despite chronic illness. AARE 2008 Conference Papers Collection. Available at: [Accessed May 4, 2011].

Willems, J., 2008. See you after school?” How informal virtual learning environments are influencing formal education. In Hello Where are you in the landscape of educational technology. pp. 1000-1002.


Paul Bacsich, VISCED project manager

This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This website reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.